|Catarman Church Ruins|
|Tangub Hot Spring|
|Macao Cold Spring|
|Ardent Hot Spring|
|Sto. Niño Cold Spring|
Camiguin is an island province of the Philippines located in Bohol Sea, about ten kilometers off the northern coast of Misamis Oriental in the Northern Mindanao region. It is the second smallest province both in population and land area next only to Batanes. The province is composed of 5 municipalities with the municipality of Mambajao as the provincial capital.
The name Camiguin is derived from the native word “Kamagong”, a species of the Ebony tree that thrives near Lake Mainit in the province of Surigao del Norte since the earlier inhabitants of the islands are Manobos from the Surigao region.
Camiguin is of volcanic origin and consists of young stratovolcanoes overlying older volcanic structures. These major volcanic structures are Mt. Hibok-Hibok which erupted in 1953 and is still considered as an active volcano; Mt. Vulcan (671 meters); Mt. Mambajao (1,552 meters); Mt. Guinsiliban (581 meters); and Mt. Uhay. The other domes and cones in the province are Campana Hill, Minokol Hill, Tres Marias Hill, Mt. Carling, Mt. Tibane and Piyakong.
The people of Camiguin are called “Camiguingnon.” The original inhabitants of Camiguin were Manobos who migrated from Surigao. Currently, the general population of the province is of Visayan descent. The languages widely spoken are Visayan and Cebuano. A few still speak Kinamigin – the original dialect of Camiguin – which is similar to the dialect spoken in Surigao. Nearly everyone in the province speaks English fairly well.
The main livelihood in the province is fishing and farming, with copra providing the greatest income contribution. Other agricultural products are abaca, rice, mangoes, lanzones and other fruit trees.
Several centuries-old Spanish colonial churches are found in various parts of the island. Among these are the famed Santo Rosario Church which was built in 1882; the old Catarman Church ruins and the Baylao Church which is claimed to be miraculous by saving many lives during the last volcanic eruption of Mt. Hibok-Hibok.
Each year in October, a festival is held in the province called the Lanzones Festival. Lanzones is a small grape-sized tropical fruit grown all over the island. The week-long festival is one of the colorful events in the Philippines.